Alternative Medicine Edmonton - The blood glucose level refers to the amount of glucose or sugar present within the blood. The normal range the body maintains a blood glucose reference range between approximately 3.6 - 5.8 mM and likewise represented as mmol/L that translates to millimoles/liter. The range may likewise be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body strongly regulates blood glucose levels.
Glucose is the body's main energy source for its cells. In addition, blood lipids in the forms of fats and oils are mostly a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the intestines or liver to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose accessible for cell absorption. Insulin is primarily produced in the body by the pancreas.
The standard normal blood glucose level for human beings is about 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, which translates to milligrams/decilitre. It is common for levels of blood glucose to change during the day. Normally, levels of glucose are lowest during the morning before breakfast. The reading is referred to often as "the fasting level." Levels normally increase after meals for a couple of hours. If levels of blood sugar fall outside of the standard range, this could be a sign of a medical condition. If the level is persistently high, it is called hyperglycemia and conversely, low levels are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
Constant hyperglycemia is the main hallmark of Diabetes mellitus. This is the most prominent disease associated to failure of blood sugar regulation. Trauma, severe stress, illness, myocardial infarction, surgery or stroke may likewise lead to temporarily elevated blood sugar levels. An initial rise in blood sugar can also take place due to alcohol intake, although afterward it tends to cause levels to decline.
When levels of blood sugar decline too low, hypoglycaemia develops. This is a potentially fatal condition. Signs of hypoglycaemia comprise lethargy, impaired mental functioning, twitching, irritability, shaking, and loss of consciousness, aggressive or paranoid mentality, sweating, and weakness in leg and arm muscles, pale complexion and possibly even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain too high. Amongst the long-term health conditions related with diabetes can take place due to long-term hyperglycemia. Health issues may consist of nerve damage, heart disease, and eye and kidney damage.
Low Blood Sugar
The mechanisms that help to restore satisfactory glucose levels post hypoglycaemia must be effective and quick so as to prevent very serious consequences of insufficient glucose. If untreated, hypoglycaemia could cause unsteadiness, confusion and in the extreme, coma. It is a lot more dangerous to have very little amounts of glucose in the blood than very much, at least on a temporary basis.
Within healthy people, blood glucose-regulating mechanisms are normally rather effectual. Usually, symptomatic hypoglycaemia is found only in diabetics utilizing insulin or pharmacological treatment. The swiftness and severity of hypoglycaemic episodes can differ greatly between individuals. In severe circumstances, prompt medical assistance is immediately required due to the fact that damage to tissues and brain damage and possibly even death can result from too low levels of blood glucose.
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