Naturopath in Edmonton - The organ of the body referred to as the kidney has various functions and plays an essential role in the urinary system. The functions of the kidney consists of the maintaining of the acid-base balance, helping to serve the homeostatic functions of electrolyte regulation and maintaining the salt and water balance that helps in the blood pressure regulation. The kidneys serve the body by eliminating wastes and rerouting them to the urinary bladder. The kidneys act essentially as the blood's natural filter.
When producing urine, the kidneys help emit wastes such as ammonium and urea from the body. They are also responsible for reabsorbing glucose, water and amino acids. The kidneys produce various hormones too like: calcitrol, the enzyme called rennin and erythropoietin.
The kidneys can be located at the rear of the abdominal cavity within the retro peritoneum. The blood comes into the kidneys from the paired renal arteries and flow out into the paired renal veins. Each kidney then emits urine into a ureter. This is a tube-like paired structure which empties into the urinary bladder.
The study of Nephrology is the area of expertise in medicine that is concerned with kidney diseases. Kidney functioning is the study describe in renal physiology. People with kidney disease normally display characteristic clinical features like for example chronic kidney disease, renal cysts, urinary tract obstruction, nephritic syndromes, acute kidney injury and nephrolithiasis.
There are cancers of the kidney that also exist, with renal cell carcinoma being the most popular renal cancer. Numerous cancers, renal conditions and cysts can be managed with kidney removal, likewise known as nephrectomy. Kidney transplantation and kidney dialysis are other treatment alternatives if renal function, which is measured by glomerular filtration rate is persistently poor.
Kidney stones can be a pain and a nuisance even if they are not severely harmful. A sound wave treatment can break up the stones into smaller pieces so they can be passed through the urinary tract. Sharp pain in the medial and lateral parts of the lower back is among the main symptoms.
In the body, the kidney is vital part of homeostasis. Their responsibilities include the regulation of electrolyte concentrations, balancing acids-bases, regulation of the volume of extracellular fluid and blood pressure regulation. The kidney works both along with other organs and separately in order to do these essential jobs. The kidneys work closely together with the endocrine system and numerous endocrine hormones coordinate these functions like: aldosterone, rennin, angiotensin II and others.
Nearly all of the functions that the kidney carries out is done by rather simple mechanisms of reabsorption, filtration and secretion, that takes place in the nephron of the kidney. Filtration would usually take place in the renal corpuscle. This is the process by which large proteins and cells are filtered from the blood to make an ultra-filtrate. This substance eventually becomes urine. The kidney generates approximately 180 litres of filtrate eachday. They reabsorb a large percentage of the filtrate and produce roughly just 2 litres of urine on a daily basis. Reabsorption is the term for the transportation of molecules from this ultra-filtrate into the blood. Conversely, secretion is the opposite process, in which molecules are transported in the opposite direction, from the blood into the urine.
Excretion of Wastes
The wastes which are produced by the metabolism are then emitted by the kidneys. The nitrogenous wastes can include urea, which is catablized from protein and uric acid from the metabolization of nucleic acid.
Click to Download the pdf